The paper conjuncts upon child rights and the juvenile justice prevalent in India and the provisions being envisaged therein, keeping the child as the central theme of all the policy and legislative provisions and decisions. It is held in mind that whenever an issue related to the child is being confronted by the Juvenile Justice Board and Child Welfare Committee for a child in conflict with law and child in need of care and protection respectively, the best interest of the child is sought. The paper confers the liability of the Government, to make such decisions for providing such opportunities to the children to develop them to the fullest, as stated under Article 39 of the Indian Constitution as a directive to them. Thus, the Juvenile Justice System in India is a result of the several international treaties, one of which played a significant role in the present scenario is that of Convention on the Rights of Child. In India, the current legislation for juveniles is that of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. The Research Methodology adopted in the paper is doctrinal research mainly secondary sources such as the Government reports published by – NCRB, NPAC, and literary references.