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Identity Crisis of Pakistani Hindu Refugees in India

Final Year, BA. LL.B , Symbiosis Law School, Noida

“Offering aid to refugees is fundamental to the human rights regime. Standing firm on its belief in Vasudeva Kutumbakam, which means “the world is one family”, throughout history, India has assisted and protected refugees from its neighbouring countries such as Tibet, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Every year, over 100,000 Hindus flee from the widespread violence, discrimination and pervasive religious persecution that their small minority faces in Pakistan to seek safety and refuge in India. However, since India has not ratified the Refugee Convention of 1951, these refugees, although Hindus by religion, are treated as second class citizens and continue to struggle to be accepted and respected as citizens of India.” “Due to India's religious, economic, and geopolitical situation, the inflow of refugees is unlikely to halt very soon. As a result, there is a pressing need to solve this problem. This research paper aims to study and elaborately explain the provisions and the rights conferred to refugees under the Refugee Convention,1951. It seeks to throw light on the plight of Pakistani Hindu refugees residing in India. Lastly, it aims to analyse the reasons behind India’s non-ratification and make appropriate recommendations to address the issue of protection of refugees in India.” “The research paper relies extensively on secondary sources for data collection, such as case studies and literature reviews. Qualitative analysis methods such as thematic analysis and content analysis were used to analyse the collected data and interpret key issues regarding the refugee identity crisis in India.”

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