Legal Recognition of Gender Identity & Sexual Orientation
Progressive social changes in society represent the development of any nation. These changes are measured through various mediums like legislative frameworks, judicial attitude, attitudinal changes in the implementing machinery and mindsets of people. Indian Constitution, in its inception, included the fundamental rights under Part III. These fundamental rights form the basic structure and lifeline for the people. For any violation of the fundamental rights, there are remedial measures under Article 32, i.e. the Right to Constitutional Remedies by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India. In Dr B.R. Ambedkar’s view, Article 32 is the very heart and soul of the Constitution.
Conversion Therapy: Violation of Ethics And The Way Out
Although the responses are new, the concept of conversion therapy dates to 1920s when homosexuality was considered pathological and attempts to cure gender identity using physical punishment, surgical intervention and counselling were ceaseless. The World Health Organization has not only declassified ‘homosexuality’ and ‘gender identity disorders’ as being mental health disorders but has also endeavoured to disregard conversion therapy as ineffective and detrimental. Since then, a wave of change has emerged for the LGBT+ community, in recognition of their gender identities as regular human developments, globally.