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Legal Research Papers: Where to begin?

Legal Research Papers: Where to begin?



Writing a legal research paper requires a systematic and rigorous approach to exploring legal issues, analysing cases, and presenting coherent arguments. Whether you are a law student or a seasoned legal professional, understanding the process of crafting a well-structured and compelling research paper is essential. This blog outlines the key steps and considerations involved in writing a legal research paper.

Step 1: Choosing a Relevant Engaging Topic

The foundation of a successful research paper is a well-chosen topic. Select a topic that is current, relevant, and interesting to you. It is crucial to narrow your focus and identify a specific legal issue or question you want to explore. It should also have enough available resources and scholarly material for comprehensive research to any gaps in existing literature that you can address.

Step 2: Conducting In-Depth Research

Once you've chosen a topic, research thoroughly to gather relevant information and sources. Utilise primary legal sources such as statutes, regulations, and case law and secondary sources like academic articles, books, and commentaries. Ensure that your sources are credible and authoritative to uphold the integrity of your research. Take meticulous notes and organise your sources for easy referencing.

Step 3: Develop a Clear Thesis Statement

Your thesis statement is the central argument or hypothesis that your research paper will revolve around. It should be clear, concise, and specific, outlining the main point you aim to prove or explore in your paper. The thesis statement guides your research and keeps your paper focused.

Step 4: Structuring the Paper

A well-structured research paper follows a logical sequence. The standard structure for a legal research paper includes:

1. Introduction

   - Provide background information on the topic.

   - State the research question and thesis statement.

   - Outline the structure of the paper.

2. Literature Review

   - Summarise existing scholarly literature related to your topic.

   - Identify gaps, controversies, or areas needing further exploration.

3. Methodology

   - Describe your research methodology (Doctrinal/non-doctrinal)

   -Describe your research methods (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods etc.).

   - Explain how you collected and analysed data.

  4. Analysis

   - Present your arguments and analysis based on the gathered evidence.

   - Support your points using case law, statutes, and legal principles.

   - Address counterarguments and demonstrate critical thinking.

5. Discussion

   - Interpret the results of your analysis.

   - Relate your findings to the broader legal context.

   - Discuss implications, policy recommendations, or potential future developments.

6. Conclusion and Recommendations

   - Summarise the main points and findings.

   - Reiterate the significance of your research.

   - Suggest avenues for further research.

Step 5: Proper Citation and Referencing

Accurate citation is crucial in legal research. Follow a recognised citation style, such as Bluebook, APA, or Chicago, to attribute sources correctly. Failure to cite sources can result in accusations of plagiarism.

Step 6: Proofreading and Editing

Thoroughly proofread and edit your paper for grammar, spelling, punctuation, and clarity. Ensure that your arguments flow logically and your ideas are well-expressed. It is often helpful to take a break before revising to approach the paper with fresh eyes.

Step 7: Seek Feedback

Before finalising your research paper, seek peer, mentor, or professor feedback. Constructive criticism can help you identify areas for improvement and refine your arguments.

Step 8: Finalising and Formatting

Format your research paper according to the guidelines provided by your institution or publication, with attention to font size, margins, headings, and other formatting details.


Writing a legal research paper demands dedication, critical thinking, and a structured approach. By carefully selecting a topic, conducting thorough research, crafting a clear thesis, and presenting well-organised arguments, you can create a research paper that contributes to the legal discourse and advances your understanding of legal issues. Remember that writing is iterative; revising and editing are crucial for producing a polished and impactful paper.