“India should walk on her own shadow, we must have our own development model”
Development and evolution go hand in hand. The evolution of man, development of resources has been done according to the needs of human beings. India is still a developing country, and the innovations are an intrinsic part.
The legislature, executive and judiciary are the main pillars of democracy. The three are no exception to the above rule and still evolving to their best version. If we look precisely into the “judiciary”, it is taking a whizz in respect of development. In the very beginning, the courts work was done manually and typically on pen and paper. Later on, typewriting took place and then computers were introduced, laptops made a way, e-filing and because of this pandemic era, a new concept of virtual hearing is also introduced, and recently, the 'ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE' has been introduced by Hon’ble Shri S.A.Bobde named as 'SUPACE'. This is a complete blend of human and machine intelligence. The curiosity to know and have knowledge about a new thing automatically comes to the human mind. This article, deals with the ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (SUPACE), it's working and uses in the Indian Judiciary.
MEANING OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
In popular usage, artificial intelligence refers to the ability of a computer or machine to mimic the capabilities of the human mind—learning from examples and experience, recognizing objects, understanding and responding to language, making decisions, solving problems—and combining these and other capabilities to perform functions a human might perform. Basically, it is a man-made tool, working according to the set commands and then whatever work is done on it, those particular commands will be saved in it. The saved commands are then used by the software without putting in any extra efforts. The work of this software is of great use, and also, it is a known fact that the pendency of cases in Indian courts is way too high, and a solution for the same was much needed. The Hon’ble Chief Justice Shri S.A. Bobde came up with this new idea of introducing 'SUPACE' and bringing it to reality.
Before going into the details of the 'SUPACE', it is essential to know about the reason behind the uniqueness of the name 'SUPACE'. It is the abbreviation for 'Supreme Court Portal for Assistance in Courts Efficiency'. It is artificial intelligence that will be proved to be beneficial for the Judges and lawyers of the judiciary by reducing the research time, and connectivity between the cases can also be found in one go. Thus, the delay in delivering the judgments can be reduced to some extent, which is actually the need of the hour.
The working of the same has been explained in the inaugurating ceremony, which itself is a prima facie proof that how efficiently the SUPACE works, and it is an essential asset for the Indian judiciary. The seeds of “SUPACE” were first sown by Justice S.A. Bobde on 26th November 2019. He expressed his view by stating, "We propose to introduce, if possible, a system of artificial intelligence. There are many things which we need to look at before we introduce. We do not want to give the impression that this is ever going to substitute the judges."
After expressing the said views, he then formed a committee which was headed by “Justice L. Nageshwar Rao”. The committee started working on this idea and identified the potentiality of AI in cataloguing all this for more efficacious handling of data at different stage, whether it be in terms of the factual matrix of cases or dynamic research of precedents. And then, in the blink of eyes, final results are already on the floor by 6th April 2021. The committee took just one and a half year approximately to bring this miracle into reality.
The SUPACE has the potential to be a tremendous asset in the justice delivery system in the eventual future. It will likely present more streamlined, cost-effective and time-bound means of bringing tranquil access of FR to justice. Such a system is going to assist judges and court staff, and litigants in several ways by addressing existing bottlenecks resulting in excessive delays.
The SUPACE, in the words of CJI, “System designed to process facts to make them available to judge who wants to know them as an input to his decision making and to enable him to exercise his intelligence his judgment and sense of right or wrong”.
The working of SUPACE can be understood briefly as- firstly, user ID and password are required to login into the software. The portal then opens up, after which the required case is mentioned in the search engine. The search engine delivers its result, and the lengthy judgment is then shown up on the software. The work of the chatbox comes into existence, and the important questions i.e. the facts, issues or related other cases, can be asked or typed, which are then answered on the chatbox. This makes it easy for the respective authorities to get to know exactly what they are looking for, and hence the research work is reduced and everything becomes available. The next step is that summary of the chat, questions asked, and answers given can be made easily available in the hard copy by taking the print out and there the work of “FAQ” comes into existence. This is how briefly the work of the “SUPACE” can be understood.
MAIN FEATURES OF SUPACE
1. Dashboard – It helps to get quick access to recent cases which a user has searched for or visited, i.e. the already searched cases can be made available again to the user without any hassle. The colour codes are also mentioned in the following ways-
Orange – cases which are saved for review
Yellow – when the task is in progress
Red – that it has not been started